Every 15th August, we celebrate the independence of our country and the freedom of living on one of the greatest nations on earth. That is our day of pride, of freedom and of happiness. To have this freedom, we have been helped by many heroes who sacrificed their lives for a better nation. One of those heroes in history was born on 23rd July 1906 in Badarka (Unnao). His birth name was Chandrashekhar Tiwari which later changed to Chandrashekhar Azad for his work towards country’s freedom.
Chandrashekhar Azad was 15 when he heard of the Jalianwalabagh massacre in Amritsar. Since then, Chandrashekhar got involved in revolutionary activities to revenge the sacrifices made by hundreds of people. In 1922, he became an active member of Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organization being formed by Ram Prasad Bismil.
The motive behind the association was to make India a place without any discrimination on castes and religions. With the support of HRA’s colleagues, Chandrashekhar executed various revolutionary activities such as Kakori Train Robbery (1925), the shooting of J. P. Saunders. His ideology was to build an India based on social principles.
Chandrashekhar used the forests of Orchha as his area of practicing the shooting, and also trained some of his fellow members. After the death of Ram Prasad Bismil, he reorganized the HRA under HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republican Association) with three other major revolutionists, Roshan Singh, Ashfaqullah Khan and Rajendar Nath Lahri. He started impacting a lot of young Indians to join his movement that also included Bhagat Singh.
During his meeting with freedom fighter Sukhdev Raj on 27th Feburary, police attacked him to which he replied back by killing 3 policemen. He also got injured during the process but didn’t stop shooting until his last bullet. He was adamant that he would never fall into the enemy’s hands. When it became clear he was going to be captured by British Police, which would mean subjection to persecution and a court-ordered death, he did the unimaginable. He shot himself with the last bullet left into his gun.
Today, Alfred Park where he shot himself has been named after him and popularly known as Chandrashekhar Azad Park. One should definitely pay tribute to this legend on every 23rd July who sacrificed his great life to have an independent India.